CBD Explained

Summary

1. CBD extracted from Hemp is completely legal, federally and in all 50 States, and in many countries around the world. Some people believe it to have many benefits to humans and animals.

2. In order to stay in compliance with FDA guidelines, we cannot make any claims regarding the effects of CBD or its ability to treat any specific condition or illness. We urge you to do your own research and make an educated decision in combination with your doctor's advice before adding CBD to your daily routine.

3. CBD, cannabidiol, is a promising natural substance, a phytocannabinoid, found in cannabis and or agricultural hemp. It is being studied for potential benefits on human and animal health, despite there being no evidence to support individual claims from the centuries past to present, that CBD has had any scientifically measurable increase on health or well-being. 


 CBD (Cannabidiol) 101

 

What is CBD (Cannabidiol)?

Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is a naturally occurring compound derived from the cannabis plant. The FDA labels CBD as a drug, but it is not a scheduled (illegal) drug. It is currently being studied for its potential to benefit certain diseases and ailments. CBD can be extracted from both marijuana and hemp, but only CBD that is derived from hemp is completely legal and will not cause the user to feel high. 

CBD is one of many chemical compounds that come from the cannabis plant. When extracted from a specific variety, often known as hemp, it contains little to no THC and is legal to possess and purchase. Chemically, CBD is one of 85 chemical substances known as cannabinoids, which are all found in the cannabis plant. CBD is the second most abundant compound in hemp, typically representing up to 40% of its extracts.

The FDA has recently updated its definition of CBD and has labeled it as a new drug. No longer falling under the label of supplement, this has caused much confusion and inconsistency among companies that sell CBD products. Its classification as a drug is very new, and as a result it is currently being studied in order to determine what ailments, if any, it has an effect on. While the initial results are promising, there is a lot of doubt, misinformation, and sheer confusion surrounding it. CBD has been reported to help with numerous physical and mental conditions, however until the FDA is able to actively and appropriately test it, its full benefits require consumers to engage in their own research in order to make an educated purchase.

Currently, scientific and clinical research is being conducted to determine CBD's potential to treat a growing number of diseases and ailments. The US government, among other public and private institutions, is currently sponsoring research to determine what role, if any, CBD plays in benefiting conditions such as: diabetes, arthritis, MS, chronic pain, inflammation, Parkinson's disease, seizures, epilepsy, migraines, depression, anxiety, alcoholism, PTSD, psychosis, and more. By no means is this list complete or accurate. Some people report success using CBD to calm their mind and relax their body. However, there is no proof that CBD has any effect on humans or animals. There has not been enough research to show any positive results in the treatment of diseases with CBD. Therefore, we cannot make any claim regarding the benefits of CBD. More research needs to be conducted. Every mind and body are different, and with its effects still under study, we strongly encourage you to do your own research, speak with your doctor, and make an educated decision before adding CBD to your daily routine.

While we can confidently say the substance is safe and legal, its exact benefits are still being discovered.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The most common and abundant cannabinoid is THC. THC, is the intoxicating chemical of cannabis that causes a "high" and while legalization efforts have progressed with states adopting various forms of marijuana legality, THC remains a federally scheduled drug making it illegal to possess or purchase. CBD is completely separate from THC and cannot cause a euphoric mental state. It is impossible to get “high” by consuming CBD products, smoking CBD, or ingesting hemp seeds. 

 

Definitions

  • Cannabis – A type of flowering plant that includes three distinct variations: Cannabis ruderalis, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis sativa. Cannabis has a wide range of industrial and medical applications. It has been used since antiquity for its sturdy fiber, for oils, and for medicinal purposes. However, it has also been used as a recreational drug, a fact that renders the cultivation of cannabis strictly regulated because of some variations including high concentrations of THC.
  • Hemp – Hemp refers to the high-growing varieties of cannabis that are grown to be specifically used for fiber, oil, and seeds. These are then refined into numerous products including wax, resin, cloth, pulp, paper, rope, fuel, and hemp oil.
  • Cannabinoids – A very diverse chemical family that includes natural as well as artificially created substances. Different cannabinoids have widely varied effects, with some cannabinoids proven to have soothing and relaxing properties and others classified as illegal drugs.
  • CBD – A naturally occurring cannabinoid, and the second most abundant constituent of the Cannabis plant. CBD is legal and safe to consume, yet has long been in the shadow of THC.
  • THC – The most abundant constituent of the cannabis plant and a strongly psychoactive cannabinoid, THC is responsible for getting “high” from smoking marijuana and, as a result, its production and usage are strictly regulated.

 

Comparing CBD and THC

Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the two primary cannabinoids found in hemp. CBD and THC vary greatly. CBD is regarded as legal and safe worldwide and THC is a scheduled psychotropic drug, strictly controlled by federal authorities. CBD and THC both interact with cells, mainly in our brain and organs. They are both thought to have beneficial properties in medicine, and they are similar at the molecular level. However, the similarities between the two cannabinoids essentially end there.

The first, most common, and most abundant cannabinoid is THC. THC, is the intoxicating property of cannabis that causes a "high" and while legalization efforts have progressed with states adopting various forms of marijuana legality, THC remains a federally scheduled drug making it illegal to possess or purchase. THC is strongly psychoactive, even in small amounts, making it is a popular recreational drug. However, THC does have desirable medical applications as well. As a result, many states have adopted the legalization of medical marijuana, and regard it as safe when prescribed by a doctor. 

CBD is the second most abundant cannabinoid. It is completely separate from THC and cannot cause a euphoric mental state. It is impossible to get “high” by consuming CBD products, smoking CBD, or ingesting hemp seeds. Currently, there are no studies that show undesirable effects from CBD and some studies suggest that CBD has many desirable properties, but it is important to note that research is still underway for many applications of CBD. 

Overall, CBD is generally regarded as safer than THC due to having more potential benefits and less negative effects. Some studies have suggested a strong correlation between THC and psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, depression, and psychosis. Additionally, CBD is considered to have more applications than THC. Since CBD has been much less studied than THC has been extensively studied and new applications are unlikely, whereas CBD studies are in their infancy and many applications are likely to be discovered.